Endodontics (from the Greek endo “inside”; and odons “tooth”)
n. (used with a sing. verb)
The branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the tooth root, dental pulp, and surrounding tissue.
Endodontists are dentists with advanced specialty education and special training in diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the dental pulp and surrounding tissues. This includes managing difficult cases, such as teeth with narrow or blocked canals, or unusual anatomy.
Endodontists are trained to use advanced technology, such as operating microscopes, ultrasonics and digital imaging, to perform these special services.
A mired of causes can cause inflammation, infection and subsequent necrosis (death) of the dental pulp. This is usually accompanied with pain, a radiographic sign of presence of an infected dead pulp in your tooth, abscess or a swelling of the side of your face or just the gingiva (gum) next to your tooth. Sometimes your tooth can have a very deep caries or turn to a dark grayish colour without any pain or swelling. Usually a visit to your dentist’s surgery will allow this to be diagnosed and appropriately managed.
Your dentist or endodontist will be able to advise you whether it is best to keep your tooth or have it taken out. This depends mainly on how much of your tooth is still intact and capable of functioning in your mouth. .?.?
Maintaining your tooth in most cases is a more cost effective treatment option than other replacement options
All endodontic procedures are performed under local anesthetic allowing for profound numbness so you will not feel any pain during the procedure.
Our patients quickly lose their fear of dentistry through the use of distraction psychology and anxiety reduction techniques. We’ll support you emotionally to get through whatever work you may need.
Some patients may require additional help with inhalational sedation (happy gas or nitrous oxide gas) or intravenous sedation. This allows these patients to have a stress-free root canal treatment.
Depending on which tooth is to be managed, number of visits required and the condition of your tooth, treatment appointments range between 45minutes to 90 minutes. On rare occasions, your treatment may be longer. Your endodontist will advise you of the expected appointment time required for your tooth.
Your endodontist will advise you of the number of appointments needed for your tooth depending on its status. However, majority of patients can be treated in one or two visits.
The vast majority of the patients can go back to work immediately after treatment, unless treatment was carried out under I.V. sedation or where a surgical procedure have been performed. A day’s rest is recommended for these patients.
Some patients may experience discomfort and sometimes pain after treatment that subsides within a few days after treatment. luckily, only a small minority of patients experience severe pain which is sometimes accompanied with a swelling. This is an unfortunate post-treatment condition called a flare up. A flare up is a body reaction to endodontic treatment of infected teeth. It is believed to be the result of infected debris inadvertently expressed into the surrounding area of the tooth. The body attempts to clear up those debris with an inflammatory response that cause pain and sometimes a swelling. Usually a flare up clears within a week of its onset. Your endodontist or dentist can help you through any postoperative pain or discomfort you may experience by prescribing painkillers or in a flare up situation, a visit to the dental surgery may be needed.
Usually teeth require root canal treatment after they have lost quite a bit of their structure. In these cases, it is preferable that the tooth is covered to protect it from fracture and subsequent loss. Your endodontist and dentist will formulate a specific treatment plan for you and advise you if your tooth needs a crown or a filling after the root canal treatment.
Root canal treatment is safe during pregnancy. However as a precaution we try and limit the number of x-rays we take as well as administering Nitrous Oxide if you are in your first trimester of pregnancy.